Federal Legislation


Each year, all Council President's are invited to Washington, D.C. to participate in MOAA's "Storming the
Hill" program. We lobby in Congress on two or three issues deemed a priority. 2018 was no exception.
This year 180 stormers, including Council Presidents, personnel representing the Surviving Spouse
Advisory Committee, the Currently Serving Spouse Advisory Council, MOAA Directoratess, and staffers,
all "stormed the hill' and represented all 50 states.

This year's issues were: 1) Military Pay and Benefits—MOAA is concerned about Regular Military
Compensation and its importance an impact on recruiting and retention for the All Volunteer Force
(AVF). MOAA appreciates the president's proposed 2.6 percent pay raise, consistent with current law, in
his budget request and strongly encourages congressional support to ensure it is included in the FY 2019
National Defense Authorization Act. 2). MOAA wants Congress to stop reducing pay for medical retirees.
Referred to as Chapter 61 (a chapter in Title 10 of the U.S. Code, they are service members who were
unable to complete 20 years of service through no fault of their own and should have their retirement
and disability pays computed equal to those who retire with 20 or more years of service. A Chapter 61
retiree is anyone medically retired from military service with a 30% or greater disability. There are
approximately 210,000 Chapter 61 retirees, nationally—more than 90% of whom are in enlisted.
Until 2001, a retired service member who also received VA disability compensation had the amount
equal to VA compensation deducted from his or her military retired pay. A coalition of associations, led
by MOAA, crafted a very limited first-step legislative provision to authorize a modest allowance (initially
$50-$300 monthly) for retirees who received a VA disability rating of 60% or more. It became law
December 28, 2001.

In 2004, the Military Coalition and several grassroots efforts persuaded Congress to eliminate the offset
for combat-related disabilities; and, phase out, over a 10-year period, the offset for retirees with 20 or
more years of service with noncombat disabilities rate at 50% or greater. MOAA's position is that all
service members should receive both retirement and disability. So, we continue to fight for fairness under
the law. MOAA remains committed to working with Congress to find solutions consistent with previous
efforts to enable these retirees to receive all the compensation they earned through both their service
and their sacrifice.

MOAA's positions on the issues were generally met with wide acceptance among members of Congress.
Leading the way was Congressman Mac Thornberry-(R-Clarendon) Texas Congressional District 13 and
Chairman, House Armed Services Committee. I cannot say enough about his efforts throughout the year.

Our Texas Delegation consisted of 11 "hearty souls" who called on all 36 of our Representatives plus both
U.S. Senators. Those who lobbied were: Texas Council President, LTC Larry Petrash, his wife, Paula; Wes
Lloyd (Wife, Currently Serving); Major General K.C. McClain, MOAA Board Member, Courtney Power,
Currently Serving Spouse Advisory Committee; RADM Clare Helminiak, MOAA Board Member, Col
(Chaplain) Bob Certain; COL Barbara Ramsey, MOAA Board Member; Naval Captain Charles Starnes and
his wife, Susie; Gail Joyce, Surviving Spouse National Committee Chair;

The lobbying effort is not an easy task. In addition to the preparation time, i.e., organizing the 4 teams,
scheduling appointments, etc., it is a full day of meeting schedule demands, walking from Congressional
offices, located in multiple building locations around the U.S. Capitol. Most of those participating this
year have done so for multiple years. I want to recognize, and applaud, their commitment to this effort.
Thanks to all who helped make this event a great success. Despite the effort it takes, it's actually quite
fun. Can't wait until next year.

Larry Petrash, President
Texas Council of Chapters
Military Officers Association of America


What is "sequestration" and why is it so important?

Sequestration is simply the shorthand name that refers to automatic spending cuts to United States federal government spending in particular categories of outlays that were set to begin on January 1, 2013, as an austerity fiscal policy as a result of Budget Control Act of 2011. To simplify, it means that for every dollar spent on the military part of the national budget, we must spend an equal amount on non-defense items (with certain categories of nondiscretionary spending exempted.) To keep from over spending, Congress has resorted to using a "continuing resolution" to keep the national budget within the limits of the Budget Control Act of 2011. For the military this has resulted in uncertainty and limitations on what can be spent on developing new equipment, repair and maintenance, and the size of the force. The effects are NOW being felt!

MAINTAINING VITAL EQUIPMENT: To quote Rep Mac Thornberry of Wichita Falls, who is the Chairman of the House Armed Services Committee. He writes, "EVERY DAY WE LIVE UNDER A CONTINUING RESOLUTION IS A DAY WE DO DAMAGE TO OUR MILITARY". Rep Thornberry says, "Years of under- funding and high operational tempo, have resulted in an enormous backlog of military equipment waiting to be repaired. Everything from trucks, tanks, ships, and planes is involved in this backlog. As a result, it is harder for our troops to find working equipment to train and deploy with, and the platforms that do function are being run into the ground through over-use.

OUTRANGED, OUTGUNNED, AND OUTDATED: Army Gen. Allyn testified, "Today we are outranged, outgunned, and outdated". An unintended consequence of current fiscal constraints is that the Army can no longer afford the most modern equipment, and we risk falling behind near-peers in critical capabilities. Under current funding levels the Army will not be able to complete upgrading the Abrams tanks until 2035. The continuing resolution slows development of 18 new initiatives and prevents production for 8 more." Of the Army's 33 Brigade Combat Teams, only 5 are considered to be "combat ready' and ready to fight tonight.

12 O'clock High: Navy and Marine Corps leaders testified that over 60% of the Navy's F-18s cannot fly and there is a shortfall of over 100 aircraft. General Wilson, USAF Chief of Staff stated, "We have become one of the smallest, oldest equipped and least ready forces across the full spectrum of operations, in the Air Force's history. The continuing resolutions prevent the acceleration of much needed 5th generation strike-fighter production and delays increased production of F/A 18 Super Hornets."

READINESS: On November 29, 2917 Rep Joe Wilson, Chairman of the Subcommittee on Readiness made the following report to Congress: "Representatives from all four services testified about the current state of military readiness. The briefing further reinforced Members concerns that the state of our military will continue to erode until Congress passes adequate and reliable resources for the Department of Defense." Note: in this case the words "reliable resources" mean that they can only be obtained through the repeal of the Budget Control Act of 2011. DEFENSE INDUSTRY: Defense contracts for the Army have dropped 35% during the period of the Budget Control Act. Lockheed Martin has lost 23% of its employees. Army Secretary Mark Ester, formerly of Raytheon, warned senators that uneven funding is driving small suppliers - "an engine of innovation" - out of the defense sector.

MOAA NATIONAL POSITION: "Eliminate Sequestration. End harmful defense cuts." Lt. Gen. (Ret) Dana T. Atkins, MOAA President and CEO

SO, WHAT DOES ALL THIS MEAN? WHAT SHOULD WE DO? Clearly this is the most important issue facing us. The current situation is a disgrace! But right now the Congress is deadlocked and consumed with other issues. They are trying to deal with a budget, deal with immigration reform, and a host of other issues. MOAA has been advocating to repeal Sequestration for 4 years now, but to no effect. We are failing. We, MOAA, need to do something different! Let's escalate our advocacy up to the highest level. We need to advocate directly to the President. There is no issue more important than our national security. Remember, NUMBERS COUNT!

Sam Wilder
EVP Federal Legislative Affairs
Texas Council of Chapters